National Development and Reform Commission strongly promotes energy conservation and environmental protection
As an important economic functional department of the country, many people want to know how the National Development and Reform Commission promotes energy conservation and environmental protection. Today, Song Yuntian, a reporter from the three-member group of the National Development and Reform Commission, interviewed He Bingguang, deputy director of the Department of Resource Utilization and Environmental Protection of the National Development and Reform Commission. He revealed the next major actions of the National Development and Reform Commission in energy conservation and environmental protection.
Reporter Song Yuntian said: "Today, the wind is blowing in Beijing, the wind is not small but the sky is very blue, so what does the deputy director of the Environmental and Resources Department of the National Development and Reform Commission think about Beijing's environmental protection and even the national environmental protection and resource utilization issues? ?Let's go ask him together."
Our topic started with the business card of Deputy Director He Bingguang. He said that their company requires everyone to be environmentally friendly, to be environmentally friendly, and to be environmentally friendly at all times.
He Bingguang, deputy director of the Department of Resource Utilization and Environmental Protection of the National Development and Reform Commission, said: "From the beginning of the director, we have required everyone to use two sides of paper. After printing, use the other side next time, just like the one you took just now. The business card of the company is a business card made of recycled paper. There is also a small episode. At that time, when printing this business card, we found a lot of companies. At that time, when printing business cards, we searched for a few companies that did not use recycled paper, and finally found one.”
When it comes to energy conservation and emission reduction in 2006, He Bingguang believes that the most direct and most important factor is the structural problem of the economy. The proportion of industry and tertiary industry decreased by 0.6% and 0.8% respectively compared with 2005, while the proportion of secondary industry which should be decreased increased by 1.4%.
He Bingguang, deputy director of the Department of Resource Utilization and Environmental Protection of the National Development and Reform Commission, said: "According to the calculations of the relevant departments, in the GDP structure, if the tertiary industry increases by one percentage point and the secondary industry drops by one percentage point, the energy can be saved by nearly 1%. 30 million tons of standard coal. So you think, the secondary production not only did not decline, but increased by 1.4 percentage points, so you said that the impact on the energy saving and emission reduction goals in 2006 is very large. "
Another important reason for the failure of energy conservation and emission reduction is that He Bingguang believes that the rewards and punishments for energy conservation and environmental protection are not in place. He vividly compares that carrots and sticks are not enough. He Bingguang revealed that two important laws will be submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation this year, one is the revised version of the Energy Conservation Law to be submitted in June, and the other is the Circular Economy Law to be submitted in August.
The current Energy Conservation Law is intensifying punishments. In terms of implementing existing laws, both in institutions and in specific punishments, it should be said that it is quite weak. Therefore, when revising this section, there must be a relatively strong force. It is hoped that energy conservation The law can become a powerful law and a promotion law to promote energy saving and consumption reduction.
In addition, the National Development and Reform Commission is negotiating with the Ministry of Finance, and will establish a special fund for energy conservation within the year to drive local governments to increase investment and guide the investment direction of financial institutions, hoping to play a role in allocating money.
Governors of Gansu, Hunan and Hebei Provinces Talk About Energy Saving and Emission Reduction
Today, our reporter interviewed several governors of energy-intensive provinces to hear how they commented on the province's energy-saving work and planned to launch some great strategies in energy-saving and emission reduction this year. Xu Shousheng, governor of Gansu Province, a deputy to the National People's Congress, said: "Last year, the assessment targets for energy conservation, consumption reduction and pollution control were not completed, and neither did we in Gansu. Therefore, this is also a hot issue during the two sessions. The State Council is very anxious, and we are also very anxious. We need to increase the intensity of basic transformation, because we have some enterprises' equipment, which are still very old and the route is very old. Now we must have investment, and this investment must have good preferential policies and policy measures to guide it. Zhou Qiang, Governor of Hunan Province, said: "We have closed many small paper mills in the governance of Dongting Lake. In this regard, we must also prevent the resurgence of small polluting paper mills, strengthen law enforcement, and pass our good For example, good paper-making enterprises, support them to become stronger and bigger, and make those small, high-energy-consuming and high-polluting enterprises unable to survive through market methods, and the combination of administrative and market methods is the most effective method.”
Representatives discuss how to "break out" of energy conservation and emission reduction
Enterprises should save energy and reduce consumption. This sentence is easy to say, but when enterprises implement it, of course, they also face difficulties of one kind and another. Some representative committee members also gave various practical suggestions on this point.
The iron and steel industry has always been one of the pillar industries of our country's development, but with the rapid development of iron and steel enterprises, problems of high pollution and high energy consumption have also arisen. A problem in all sectors of society. I am in Shougang Group now. In a few days, their new factory in Hebei will start construction. Before starting the construction, they think about energy conservation and emission reduction the most.
At present, the new Shougang EIA project has been approved by the State Environmental Protection Administration, the solid waste utilization rate can reach 99.5%, and the water reuse rate can reach 97.5%. It is understood that the national standard for pollutants emitted by industrial furnaces is 100 mg per cubic meter, and the emission of new Shougang will be only one-third of this standard.
Han Wei, chairman of Dalian Hanwei Enterprise, a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said: "Our current situation is basically that large state-owned enterprises and relatively large enterprises can basically achieve environmental protection and emission standards. However, we cannot ignore some small and medium-sized enterprises. And some small enterprises, due to their financial and material resources, they cannot have, or it is difficult to meet emission standards. In this regard, governments at all levels should invest a certain amount of financial and material resources to help them improve. ##Text Some people's congress representatives pointed out that the country It is necessary to uniformly release the most advanced energy consumption indicators at home and abroad, and to issue the minimum energy consumption limit of each main product. This will not only help manufacturers to catch up with advanced indicators, but also help regions to eliminate outdated processes and equipment. ."
Zhu Dixiong, chairman of Hubei Kaile New Material Technology Co., Ltd., deputy to the National People's Congress, said: "In the first year of the 11th Five-Year Plan, the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction was not achieved, which has a lot to do with the weak local governance at all levels. After the platoon indicators were issued, the corresponding assessment and evaluation systems were not introduced simultaneously. Many local governments have a mentality of watching while doing, and the government should take hard measures this year.” said Li Bangliang, chairman of Hangzhou Huadong Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd., deputy to the National People’s Congress: "Although the economic growth and fiscal taxation in various places have increased, I think it is necessary to increase the investment in environmental protection at the same time, and strictly control the emission of the three wastes. In addition, I would like to suggest that the government should strengthen the energy conservation and emission reduction work and supervision in various places. Work and implement the head of government responsibility system.”
In addition, in response to the slow progress of industrial restructuring and the rapid growth of high-energy-consuming industries, some deputies to the National People's Congress also suggested that enterprises should be encouraged to turn pressure into opportunities and seek benefits from energy conservation and emission reduction.
Li Jianhua, chairman of Huatai Group Co., Ltd., deputy to the National People's Congress, said: "For waste paper, we suggest that the state should formulate policies to encourage recycling. Judging from the situation of waste paper, 3 million tons of paper, if all waste paper is recycled, It can recycle more than 2.4 million tons of waste paper, and it can be said that 51 million trees can be cut down, so the potential here is still very large.”
When the state issued treasury bonds to support industrial economic progress and enterprise development through national debt discount projects, Cao Chaoyang, a representative of the National People's Congress, saw hope. He suggested that the country could consider using the same method to support enterprises' environmental protection projects.
Cao Chaoyang, chairman of Henan Fengshen Tire, a deputy to the National People's Congress, said: "Can we use the money from these treasury bonds, like supporting industrial development, supporting technological transformation of enterprises, and supporting our projects, and supporting our enterprises to engage in environmental protection. You are environmental protection. For projects, I will give you interest discounts, you will invest in environmental protection projects, I will give you capital, you will invest in environmental protection projects, and I will give you tax reductions and other levers to support and support enterprises.” Chen Min, a representative of the National People’s Congress, suggested that it should be greatly Increase the cost of sewage discharge by enterprises, so that enterprises dare not discharge sewage and cannot afford to discharge sewage.
Chen Min, deputy director of the Guangdong Provincial Environmental Protection Bureau, said: "At the legislative level, we need to improve our existing environmental protection laws and regulations. Because our current legal penalties are too low, and our sewage charges are too low. I proposed at the "two sessions" this time, one is to increase the method of daily fines. In addition, the illegal enterprises should have all their illegal income confiscated, so the intensity will be greater. "
Recycling increases paper production by 7 times, reduces water consumption by half
Just now we heard that Li Jianhua, the representative of the National People's Congress, put forward an energy-saving proposal for waste paper recycling. Our reporter made a special trip to Huatai Group in Dongying, Shandong to see how they save energy.
Li Guoshun is a workshop director of Huatai Group. Last year, the company introduced an advanced newsprint production line, which reduced the water consumption of producing one ton of paper from more than 100 cubic meters to 8 cubic meters at once. However, for Li Guoshun, another new initiative of the company closely combines his salary and energy saving.
Li Guoshun, workshop director of Huatai Paper Co., Ltd. in Dongying, Huatai Group, said: "One ton of paper is 8 cubic meters of plan, and then the amount we (water) drops is 2 yuan per cubic meter, as long as we save it, we will give it all. We. But if the target is not fulfilled, the penalty will be tripled."
The link between energy saving and income directly stimulates the young man's awareness of active energy saving. Under his leadership, after technical research, they have successively implemented a number of energy saving measures such as multi-disc water filtration, steam condensation recovery and so on, making the entire production line The water can be recycled repeatedly, and the water consumption per ton of paper has dropped by 2 cubic meters. For this alone, the entire workshop employees can get an extra 120,000 yuan per month, and the monthly water consumption can reach 80,000 cubic meters. . Li Guoshun calculates the revolving account of the small workshop, while the entire Huatai Group calculates the large revolving account of the enterprise and the environment. In recent years, the entire group has invested more than 800 million yuan to introduce flue gas desulfurization equipment and wastewater treatment systems. The biogas generated during the treatment process is transformed for power generation, and the treated wastewater is used to irrigate fast-growing paper-making forests. A circular industrial chain of using paper to support forests and forests to promote paper has been formed. In the past five years, Huatai Group's production capacity has been expanded by seven times, but the total water consumption has been reduced by half, and various pollutant discharge indicators are lower than the international advanced level.
Energy saving and emission reduction, central enterprises should set an example
Whether the goal of energy saving and consumption reduction can be finally achieved depends on the efforts of all enterprises. Representatives from central enterprises and some leaders of central enterprises said that in energy conservation and emission reduction, central enterprises should set an example.
Wu Ruosi, deputy to the National People's Congress, is one of the five major power generation groups in China and the deputy general manager of China Huaneng Group. Today, he took advantage of the adjournment of the conference to come to his subordinate Beijing Thermal Power Plant to investigate energy conservation and emission reduction. Huaneng Beijing Thermal Power Plant is responsible for supplying 25% of the hot water and 70% of the steam in the Beijing area. Since last year, they have invested nearly 500 million yuan to install international advanced devices for flue gas desulfurization and dust removal on four generator sets. The sulfur content of the flue gas per cubic meter does not exceed 400 mg, while the sulfur emission of Beijing Thermal Power Plant is only about 30 mg.
Wu Ruosi, deputy general manager of China Huaneng Group, a deputy to the National People's Congress, said: "The coal consumption of its (thermal power plant) is only 280 grams (per kWh), which is also the best level in the world, and it can save 700,000 tons of raw coal every year. We are in environmental protection. To ensure that the new debt is not owed, and then the old debt is repaid, all our units must be equipped with desulfurization units in accordance with the requirements of the state.” By 2010, all our thermal power plants must meet the standards of energy-saving and environmentally friendly power plants.
Huaneng Group has the largest installed capacity of power generation among the five power generation groups in my country. They plan to invest 16 billion yuan before 2010. Both new and old power generation units must be installed with high-standard desulfurization devices, reducing sulfur dioxide emissions by more than 300,000 tons per year. , and to shut down about 80 small thermal power units with high coal consumption. The metallurgical steel industry is also one of the four major energy-consuming industries in my country, which consumes a considerable amount of coal and electricity. Aluminum Corporation of China has achieved substantial energy saving and consumption reduction by inventing new production technologies and reforming production processes.
Lv Youqing, deputy general manager of Aluminum Corporation of China, said: "Our central enterprises should set an example in energy conservation and consumption reduction. As the vanguard of China's non-ferrous metal industry, Aluminum Corporation of China has achieved remarkable results in energy conservation and consumption reduction. Our leading product, alumina In the past, the energy consumption per ton was 1,300 kilograms (per ton) of standard coal, and through our technological innovation, we have now reduced the energy consumption of alumina to less than 900 kilograms (per ton).”
Through technological innovation, at present, Aluminum Corporation of China has saved a total of 1.2 million tons of standard coal throughout the year, which is equivalent to the annual output of a medium-sized coal mine.
Energy saving and emission reduction, waste heat power generation has huge market space
Some domestic enterprises are also actively exploring the use of market regulation to promote energy conservation and emission reduction, and there have been successful precedents, such as the use of waste heat from industrial production to generate electricity, which is generally optimistic about the industry. Take a look.
Waste heat power generation is to use waste heat resources in industrial production to build power stations for recycling by energy-consuming enterprises. Since the 1950s, Japan's building materials industry has begun to utilize waste heat. At present, more than 90% of enterprises have established waste heat power stations. The utilization rate of waste heat in the steel industry in European countries is as high as 100%. At present, the utilization of waste heat in my country is still in its infancy, and there is still a lot of room for development.
Hu Fan, an energy and environmental expert, said: "Taking a cement plant with an annual output of 1 million tons as an example, after reusing its waste heat resources, a small power station of 3,000 to 4,000 kWh can be built, which is equivalent to 30% of the company's own electricity consumption. ."
Expert analysis shows that the energy-saving effect of waste heat power generation is very obvious. A 10,000-kilowatt power station can save about 200,000 tons of standard coal every year. The reason why the development of waste heat development is slow in our country is that, firstly, the enterprise pays more attention to production than environmental protection, and secondly, the investment in waste heat development is also relatively large. At present, the average investment in thermal power generation in my country is 6,000 to 6,500 yuan per kilowatt, and the investment in waste heat power generation requires 7,000-8,000 yuan per kilowatt. The profits of investing in waste heat power plants are also considerable.
Wang Jianjun, President of China Energy Conservation Holdings Co., Ltd., said: "Investment companies can profit from the income of waste heat power plants, and the investment rate of return is around 20-25%; the most direct benefit of energy-consuming companies is that their electricity price is only equivalent to that of the power grid. Half or even lower."
Hookup Viewpoint: Who will supervise energy conservation and emission reduction?
The purpose of economic development is to improve people's livelihood and let everyone live a good life. At present, the extensive economic development model in some places has already polluted river water and polluted the air, and the common people cannot stay there. To achieve energy conservation and emission reduction, policies, funds, technologies, and market mechanisms are indispensable. But the most critical point is that local governments that master these resources must recognize their own responsibilities and be willing to use resources for energy conservation and emission reduction. At present, the right to supervise environmental protection is exercised by the environmental protection department under the local government. The son supervises Laozi, and he cannot be vigorously investigated for failing to fulfill his environmental protection responsibilities. If energy conservation and emission reduction are regarded as an indicator of people's livelihood, the people are allowed to exercise the right to supervise, and the higher-level departments directly score the officials' performance according to the evaluation of the people, the effect of such supervision will probably be better. (Energy saving and emission reduction should become an indicator of people's livelihood, allowing the common people to exercise the right to supervise, and the higher-level departments will directly score the official performance based on the evaluation of the common people.)